モルモン

とは?

What of the

Mormons?

日本の末日聖徒  

イエス・キリスト教会歴史

 Improvement Era

 About  Japan  

 

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The LDS Church magazine, The Improvement Era, originally established for the Young Men's Mutual Improvement Association from which organization it took its name, later became the official magazine of the Church until the Ensign replaced it in 1970. The Era, as it was called, included international news as well as local Utah and LDS Church news. Many of the issues, especially during the period of 1901 until 1920, included articles about Japan. The most lengthy were reports about, and then later, from the Japan Mission. which was opened in 1901. Additionally Japan was becoming a more powerful nation and made the International News section from time to time. For the next several months, we will provide some of this interesting information from about 110 years ago.

119

Improvement Era 1914

August 17.-Japam sends Germany an ultimatum requesting Germany to clear the eastern seas of her warships by August 23.

Improvement Era 1914

August 25-Five Namur forts are captured by Germans and the French abandon the Alsace campaign. Austria declares war on Japan.  Antwerp is bombarded by Zeppelin bombs.

Improvement Era 1914

Japan declared war against Germany, August 23, and there was some apprehension in the United States that this country might be drawn into the war on account of this declaration. Kiauchau, China, a German fortress in the East, will be the object of Japanese attack. It was feared here that Japan had motives of conquest against China. This fear, however, was dissipated by the message from Count Okuma, the premier of Japan,  to the American people, which was cabled to the New York Independent, and appeared in that weekly on August 31. The message from Okuma reads as follows:

Improvement Era 1914

"I gladly seize the opportunity to send, through the medium of The Independent, a message to the people of the United States, who have always been helpful and loyal friends to Japan.

"Every sense of loyalty and honor oblige Japan to co-operate with Great Britain to clear from these waters the enemies who in the past, the present, and the future menace her interests, her trade, her shipping and her people's lives.

"It was ever my desire to maintain peace as will be amply proved; as president of the Peace Society of Japan I have consistently so endeavored.

"We, of Japan,  are appreciative of the spirit and motives that prompted the head of your great nation, and we feel confident that his message will meet with a national response,

"As Premier of Japan,  I have stated and I now again state to the people of America and of the world that Japan has no ulterior motive, no desire to secure more territory, no thought of depriving China or any other peoples of anything which they now possess.

"My government and my people have given their word and their pledge, which will be as honorably kept as Japan always keeps promises."

Improvement Era 1914

 September 23.-China disclaims any responsibility for the violation of her neutrality by Japan,  owing to her inability to defend it. This was the reply to the Kaiser's protest against the Japanese operations.

Tsing-tao, the German seaport stronghold in China, and the commercial rival of Hong Kong, was unconditionally handed over to Japan.  The fortress surrendered November 7, after a siege which lasted 65 days. It is the first fortress taken by the Allies. The territory of Kiao-chau, comprising 193 square miles, was leased to Germany by China for 99 years, in 1898, as compensation for the murder of two German missionaries, and they had spent $100,000,000 on the territory. France, Russia and Great Britain secured similar concessions from China, at the time.

Improvement Era 1915

 What is likely to happen in case of a compromise or a draw, if you please? It could hardly be a statu quo because at present Germany has such an advantage in Belgium, France and Russia, that these powers would insist, in any event, upon the return to Germany's original boundaries. Japan,  in any event, may be looked to as retaining the possession of Kaiu Chau and perhaps Germany will lose some of her Pacific islands. The rearrangement of the sea powers is of no consequence, because the invention of the submarine has upset all naval calculations. What the neutral world will want to see, however the war may end, is restitution to Belgium. She was entitled to the rights of her neutrality, and was perfectly justified in insisting that her country should not be made a cockpit for the contending armies of Europe. The calamity of Belgium is the most pathetic thing of the whole war.